|Pilot site/s: Bangkrachai Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO)
End-of-project targets: e.g., Habitat protection and rehabilitation plan developed, adopted and initiated |
|Scoping (including areal extent of coastal and marine habitats||X||Total area of Bangkrachai SAO is 29.8 km2. Total population is 3,814 (as of 2015) of which the ratio male/female is 0.96 : 1 (1852/1962). Average annual income: Household is USD 8,400/year, individual is USD 2,746/ year. The coastline is 17.5 km including sand beach and mud flat. There are 7 coastal villages such as Laemsing, Ao-Mu, Klong-Pla-duk, Bang-ka-chai (Mu 4), Bang-ka-chai (Mu 5), Bang-ka-chai (Mu 6) and Rue-Tak
Bangkrachai Sub district has not yet undergone the
project site scoping/ baseline assessment (expected to start 2nd quarter of 2018, although some consultations have been initiated). According to available literature, important coastal and marine habitat are mangroves and coral reefs. |
|Areal extent of damaged/degraded habitats||X||Mangrove area in Bankrachai has extensively been turned into shrimp farm, total area of mangrove has decreased from 20 km² to 5.1 km² within 20 years. After the failure of shrimp culture, mangrove encroachment and deforestation seemed to have stopped. Currently the SAO and local community with the support of DMCR have been implementing rehabilitation projects.
Local people in Bangkrachai were affected by shrimp culture failure. Some turned into local fishers (20%) relying heavily on marine resource and coastal habitat. A number of shrimp farmers (31%) turned themselves into service for hire which is not a secure job.
Enhancement of coastal resources will benefit local
community and provide alternative livelihood for
those who seek for a self-reliant/secure jobs. |
|Areal extent of healthy and resilient habitats||X||Mangrove along the coast of Nong-Pla-Duk and Ao-Mu village had been managed as local management area under community agreement. The process was facilitated by DMCR.
Coral reef in Bankrachai area are small fringing reef around Nomsao island. Total area of coral reef is 0.25 km². |
|Proposals/Action Plans to restore damaged/degraded habitats||X||From the project inception workshop (January 2018), the following measures were proposed for consideration in preparing a plan for habitat and marine resources conservation and rehabilitation:
- Public awareness workshops on conservation
of marine resources and waste reduction
- Conduct mangrove rehabilitation to increase mangrove areal extent
- Improve marine habitats by installing artificial reefs and rope fish aggregation devices that can nurture juveniles to rehabilitate fish stocks and other marine resources;
- Continue/expand other fishery resources rehabilitation activities such as crab bank, larvae release
- Promotion of alternative sources of livelihood such as seaweed culture and fish farming to reduce pressure on fisheries resources
- Waste water management and solid waste management from fishing vessels and riverside communities to maintain health of marine habitats along the coast; Engagement of communities in water quality monitoring
- Promotion/enforcement of community laws
- Engaging stakeholders such as the fishery and environment departments, communities, province officials, and private companies |
|Restoration program(s)||X||14.4 km² of mangrove area in Bangkrachai was declared as forest park but overlaps with areas of local aquaculture farmers.
Bangkrachai SAO had been implementing a mangrove rehabilitation project according to the Chantaburi Province strategic plan and POMCR.
Mangrove rehabilitation project is supported by
government and private sector through CSR program. |
|Benefits (social, economic,
- Addressing/reducing CCA/DRR risks
- Harmonizing access to marine space by established economic sectors
- Assessing costs and benefits to clearly understand socio-economic and ecological trade-offs
- Extending governance principles to be more inclusive to weaker disadvantaged sector,
addressing issues of tenure and use-based access rights|| |