|(Priority Site: Houay Paii, Saravan Province)
• 250 households in 3 sub-basins benefit from access to adequate and safe drinking water
• Water quality and water quantity monitoring program implemented in 3 districts |
|Profiles of pilot river basin/coastal areas (including areal extent of priority river basins/coastal areas covered by ICM/IWRM management plans)||X||• Hoauy Paii has a total area of around 132,044 hectares and with a river length of 33 km and 30 km wide. It has more than 100 species of plants and animals.
• There are 12 villages within the area with total population of about 6,038 people. People in Hoauy Paii mainly work in agriculture: rice, corn, banana and vegetables. The river’s water is mainly used for agriculture, livestock feeding and human supply.
• The main problems in the sub-basin have to do with deforestation of the riverbanks, declining water quality and quantity, slash and burn agriculture due to lack of policy enforcement, weakness of institutional capacity on IWRM (Saravan PoNRE, 2014).
• The Head of the Water Unit of Saravan District reported that there is currently no IWRM activity/project in Hoauy Paii.
(Scoping Report Saravan Province)
|Project proposal/action plan for an integrated river basin and coastal area focusing on pollution prevention and management and/or water resource conservation, protection and management||X||• Based on information provided by the Head of the Water Unit of Saravanh district, there aren’t any activities/projects on IWRM in Houay Paii.
• PoNRE submitted a proposal to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to implement IWRM activities in Houay Paii for the period 2014-2015 but to date has not been approved.
• Under the GEF SDS-SEA Project, IWRM will be implemented at the sub-basin level (i.e., Houay Paii), including the setting up of institutional mechanism, capacity building of Project Implementation Team, and implementation of activities addressing specific aspects (e.g., riverbank protection and conservation, water supply and management, water quality monitoring, livelihood management, waste management)
(Scoping Report Saravan Province) |
|Water quality monitoring in priority rivers/coastal areas||X||• The water level in Paii river is totally different compare to 10 years past (information from PoNRE). Regular monitoring of water quality and water balance is needed.
Proposed GEF intervention:
The GEF project will need to focus on:
• Field survey to selected the water sampling point and set up the stab-gate
• Train the local people on water sampling and other related activities water quality monitoring
• Provide the materials to support water quality monitoring activities
• Implement water sampling monitoring and analysis in the laboratory once a month
• Develop water quality monitoring in Houay Paii report
• Design and establish the overflow weir
• Develop rule and management person in charge
• Awareness and convince people on the weir operation and maintenance
(Scoping Report Saravan Province) |
|The Evidence of reduced pollutant discharges and water resource conservation, protection and use management||X||• During the previous phase of the implementation of the Sedone Integrated Management Plan, waste management activity was undertaken in Honglex village, Saravan district. The implementation enhanced the understanding and skills of people in managing the wastes by themselves. For the next phase, local authorities need to extend the area to two villages (Nalex and Phonbok) along the river bank and school area (Primary and secondary school). The activity aims to develop the regulation and dissemination of information, encouraging people to manage waste through competition activities and develop a green and clean school.
(Source: Scoping Report Saravan Province)
• There is no evidences regarding to pollutants and sources in these villages of Saravan province. However, the chemicals used for agriculture will be increased and it will be a sources of pollutants. And also the solid waste in the villages and outside of villages can be a pollutant source that can cause water contamination as well.
• In order to solve this kind of pollutants, villages have to develop the village environmental management regulation and enforced as village regulation.
• The challenges of pollutants reduction are related to the knowledge and skills of the local people. They did not have experiences to deal with such problems. The awareness raising on the impact of pollutants and management mechanism for the local people is needed, even the impacts are not happened or pollutants are not existed.
(Source: Baseline Assessment of Sedone Riverbasin) |
|Solid Waste Management|| |
|Household survey of solid waste generation, including waste management practices and willingness to pay for solid waste collection and management in priority site||X||• Saravan District was part of the sites surveyed for solid waste management in 2010.
• Average waste generation per capita in Saravan was 0.486kg/day.
• The top three waste compositions were food waste (24.58%), plastics (25.7%), and grass wood and leaf (21.79%).
• Waste segregation practice at household level was at 57.9%.
• 50% of those surveyed in Saravan were covered by waste collection services being provided by UDAA (Urban Development and Administration Authority). The waste collection service in Saravan has been operating since 2006 as reported by key informants.
• The dumpsite in Saravan was located about 7 Km from the city center with the total area about 1 hectare. Burning is still in practice.
• 53.1% of those not being served by waste collection services burned their wastes
• For the willingness to pay (WTP) in Saravan, about 27.6% responded that they can pay less than 5000 KIP while 58.6% can spend in between 5000-10000 KIP. Other small percentage can pay more than 10001 KIP.
Source: Baseline Survey Report on Solid Waste Management in Sedone River, 2011
|Assessment of feasibility of implementing solid waste management program||X||• The survey that was conducted in 2011 which covered 2 villages in Saravan District indicated 73.2% among respondents strongly agreed to the implementation of community based solid waste management program.
Source: Baseline Survey Report on Solid Waste Management in Sedone River, 2011 |
|Recommendations/action plan to implement solid waste management program||X||• Solid waste management was implemented in the target 2 villages in Saravan District in the previous phase of the implementation of the Sedone Strategy.
• Some of the constraints/problems during the initial phase of implementation are identified as follows.
- Difficult road access thus the UDAA’s Truck in Saravan is not able to collect in those areas. However, the UDAA and District Governors planned to extend service to cover all of the remaining households in the target villages.
- Lack of equipment including speaker and bins for buzzing during cleaning-up and public awareness activities.
- Villager chief and village team only asked for more trainings to their villagers and continue to support the cleaning-up activities.
Source: Solid Waste Management Report |
|Evidence of improved solid waste management in the priority site||X||No information available. |