Biophysical principles for designing resilient networks of marine protected areas to integrate fisheries, biodiversity, and climate change objectives in the Coral Triangle

Author(s): 
Fernandes, L, Green, A., Tanzer, J., White, A., Alino,P.M., Jompa, J., Lokani, P., Soemodinoto,A., Knight, M., Pomeroy, B., Possingham, H., Pressey, B.
Year: 
2012
Type of Resource: 
Guides and Manuals

Biophysical principles are presented in this report to help nearshore marine protected area networks achieve fisheries sustainability, biodiversity conservation and ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change. These principles can be considered rules-of-thumb to help guide decision making. In the past, such principles and associated rules-of-thumb have focused on only one or two of these objectives – not all three simultaneously. Effective management of marine resources that achieves resilience and sustainable production requires careful application of a wide range of tools and methods, which includes marine protected areas. Management interventions are likely to be most effective if they are applied as part of an ecosystem-based approach. Marine protected areas, in their various forms can, if well designed and effectively implemented, play a significant role in achieving sustainable use at multiple scales.