A Small Venture in Environmental Monitoring Proves a Wise Investment in Batangas Province, Philippines

PEMSEA, CWC, The World Bank
Type of Resource: 
Best Practice / Lessons Learned

With the establishment of the ICM program in 1994, the Province of Batangas became aware of the issues and challenges associated with pollution prevention and management. Prior to ICM, monitoring data were fragmented and inconsistent: data came from studies conducted by different academic institutions and private entities. There was no regular monitoring program in the Bay. This proved inadequate for determining the environmental conditions in the Bay, inputs into planning and decision making for development of the Bay, and benchmarks to compare changes that occur as a consequence of the developments and management interventions.

Is ICM Solution: