ICM Solutions

Over 25 years of integrated coastal management (ICM) work by PEMSEA and its partners in East Asia have produced a treasure trove of case studies and best practices. These “ICM Solutions” provide a range of lessons learned, success stories and best practices that can be applied in sites across the regional or elsewhere globally for better governance and management of coastal areas.

Browse the list below or filter by topic and geographic location to find the right ICM Solution for your needs.

Port authorities and operators face a number of challenges with respect to their role and impact in sustainable development of coastal areas. The development and adoption of international safety, environment and security standards by global bodies have emphasized that an effective management system must not only encompass operational activities, but also build quality, safety, health and environmental objectives and procedures into each process. It is with this challenge and opportunity that the Port Authority of Thailand decided to implement the PSHEMS in Bangkok Port and Laem Chabang...

The heavy use of the Yeh Gangga Beach both as a place of worship, especially during the melasti ceremony, as a tourist destination attracting believers and tourists in their huge numbers, and as a fishing center of the Tabanan Regency brought about conflicts among its users.

Mobilizing the public to take specific action for the environment is not so much about lecturing the public, as it is about empowering them with ample knowledge for them to make their own decisions.

Fishing is a main source of income in Stung Hav District with about 75-80 percent of the population occupied as artisanal fishers or about 9,500 individuals. Most of the fishers in Stung Hav share the belief that when there is increased competition and less catch, bigger boats and more efficient fishing gears are required to harvest more fish. Some fishers are prompted to borrow money from the local bank or private money lenders and others sell their properties to “modernize” their fishing gear. Lack of fish begets stronger resolve to get more fish.

Inadequate waste management and sanitation has consequences on the health and well-being of communities and the local environment. In Sihanoukville (Cambodia) and the Sedone Provinces of Champasack, Saravanne and Sekong (Lao PDR), unsightly solid waste was a major concern with both locations relying on tourism for economic development and livelihoods. While a comprehensive analysis had not been done to determine the impacts, community members reported problems related to solid wastes including blocking natural drainage systems, flooding, the presence of vermin, illness/disease, etc

Corporations around the world as well as their shareholders are becoming increasingly conscious of the need for socially responsible behavior. While corporate objectives normally revolve around financial returns, many corporations see social and economic value in making a difference in the community in the form of CSR. There represents an opportunity for the local government and the private/corporate sector to forge partnerships and pool projects and resources in order to maximize impact.

The Province of Batangas has shown significant progress in expanding its management strategies for sustainable development of the coastal and marine areas over the last 14 years. Starting in Batangas Bay in 1994, in partnership with PEMSEA, the ICM system has been replicated, now covering the entire coastline of the Province (extending to Balayan and Adjacent Bays in year 2000, and Tayabas Bay and Adjacent Bays in 2005, in partnership with World Wide Fund for Nature-Philippines [WWF-Philippines] and Conservation International-Philippines [CI-Philippines]).

In Preah Sihanouk, beaches are a major source of income for the province through tourism. But investments to improve or even maintain the beach and its facilities were scant. The steady upswing in tourist arrivals was matched by the development of an increasing number of tourist accommodations and establishments. In 1993, there were only 19 hotels and guesthouses but, by 2014, this has grown to 57 hotels and 221 guest houses. Despite the welcome economic benefits of coastal tourism in the province, serious social and environmental problems have arisen, including illegal construction along...

Over the last few decades, the Bohai Sea region (i.e., three provinces and one municipality) has undergone rapid and significant economic development. As of 2010, approximately 20 percent of the country’s population was living in the Bohai Sea region. In addition, the region constituted 6.8 percent of the total area of the country and produced 25 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

According to Xiamen’s Marine Function Zoning Scheme (MFZ) (1997), the dominant functions of the Western Sea Areas (WSA) are port and transportation, while tourism and the protection of endangered species are included as secondary functions. However, at the time most of the sea areas were densely covered by floating cages and oyster rafts, which did not comply with the specified MFZ functions. In order to implement the MFZ, Xiamen City initiated, as a component of its ICM program in 2002, the Integrated Improvement and Management of the Western Sea Areas Program (IIMWSAP).

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