Masan Bay is located on the south-east coast of the Korean peninsula, serving as a gateway to other countries including Japan, Russia and China. The location has provided the city with rich opportunities as a port city and center of trade. As early as the 15th century, Masan became famous for its trade capacity among other cities in RO Korea due to its strategic location as the collecting center of agricultural and fisheries products.
The Masan Bay area features over 320 km of coastline and eight islands. The city of Masan merged with the neighboring cities of Changwon and Jinhae to become a city with 1.1 million residents. In the Masan Bay area, economic growth since the beginning of 1970s resulted in pollution due to industrialization and urbanization. The city, with the help of experts from academic, industrial and administrational parties, declared itself an environmental capital with economically sound and sustainable development. The Special Management Area of Masan Bay has enabled the concerned government agencies to implement projects to mitigate pollution, rehabilitate already polluted areas and to take preventive and remedial actions. Several projects such as environmental infrastructure, including wastewater treatment plants and sewer lines, have been installed, and dredging processes have been applied to the contaminated sediments of the bay.
Its SOC report provides a comprehensive assessment of the socioeconomic and environmental status of Masan Bay, including the management interventions and implementing arrangements that have been put in place for the sustainable development of the Bay.