This guide presents a suite of ocean-based mitigation and adaptation options for governments to consider in developing new or updated NDCs. The options identified in this guide do not prescribe whether or not a country chooses its NDC as the vehicle for its Adaptation Communication, and can have equal relevance for countries as they consider their adaptation priorities and plans through other national and local adaptation planning processes such as National Adaptation Plans (NAPs).
<p>Coastal areas are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and sea-level rise. These impacts will exacerbate the risks posed by the continuing environmental degradation confronting the coastal communities. Adopting a participatory research approach, the study examines the vulnerability of socioeconomic groups among the coastal population in Cavite City, Philippines, their current adaptation strategies and their adaptive capacity to cope with the impacts of climate variability and extremes and sea-level rise.
<p>The law of Japan on promotion of global warming countermeasures which was revised on June 2008.</p>
<p>The law of the Philippines on climate change.</p>
<p>The purpose of this document is to provide a minimum set of socioeconomic indicators related to climate change. These can be included in a socioeconomic assessment of any site for which climate change impacts are an important issue. The resulting information can then inform coastal management needs and adaptive management.
<p>This guidebook proposes an approach for assessing vulnerability to climate change and climate variability in coastal development projects. It also discusses developing and implementing adaptation options, and integrating options into programs, development plans, and projects at the national and local levels. This process is referred to as a vulnerability and adaptation, or V&A, approach.</p>