(2020 Edition) The Project Management Manual focuses on GEF IW specific project requirements. It covers key elements such as monitoring and evaluation (including the adaptation of log frames and reporting against indicators), mainstreaming climate and gender within projects, and ensuring adequate recording of co-finances.
Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
Oceans and seas contribute approximately $3-6 trillion annually to the global economy in terms of the market value of goods and services including fisheries, energy, shipping, tourism, recreational, and mining sectors, as well as non-market ecosystem services such as climate regulation, nutrient cycling and carbon sequestration.
As early as in 2005, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with financial support from the Global Environment Facility (the GEF) implemented a regional international waters project entitled Reducing Environmental Stress in the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem (YSLME). Five Regional Working Groups consisting of Chinese and Korean experts conducted transboundary diagnostic analysis (TDA) of state of pollution, biodiversity and ecosystems, fisheries, socioeconomics and governance of the YSLME.
FAO estimates that 79 percent of fisheries are either fully exploited, overexploited or depleted, with only a small number having the chance to recover from depletion. Global marine capture fishery production has declined by 1.6 per cent from 2006 to 2011. During the same period, marine aquaculture production increased by 20.6 per cent. Overfishing and depletion of wild fishery stocks and increasing global demand for seafood from aquaculture determines that the role of mariculture in seafood supply will be critical in the years to come.
UNDP/GEF has provided assistance to countries bordering the Yellow Sea in support of their efforts to address among others the increasing trends of depleting fishery stocks, loss of coastal wetland, land and sea-based pollution and implementation of the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem Strategic Action Programme (YSLME SAP) adopted by China and RO Korea.
<p>This Project demonstrated a process of assessing contemporary and future hazards and risks on the coast. The hazard and risk assessment was achieved through the production of a series of maps at a regional scale. These maps provided an understanding of the pattern and scale of future coastal change and assisted the responsible authorities and decision-makers in targeting resources effectively. The aim was for these maps to be incorporated into the local policy framework to inform decision-makers and the planning process, thereby contributing to sustainable development.
<p>Extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and severe coastal storms, occur frequently in predictable locations. These extreme events become disasters only when they intersect with concentrations of human population and development. State governments whose coastlines are vulnerable to hurricanes and coastal storms can create programs to reduce the exposure of people and property to such hazards.
<p>Managed realignment – the deliberate process of realigning river, estuary or coastal defences – is increasingly seen as a key element to sustainable long term flood and coastal management in the UK and other parts of the world, given current trends of sea level rise, and increasing costs of flood and coastal defence. This paper presents results of an extensive consultation of key stakeholders in England and Wales on what they consider to be the main drivers of and obstacles to managed realignment.
<p>The law of Thailand on disaster prevention and mitigation</p>
<p>The law of Indonesia on disaster management, enacted in 2007.</p>