Institutional Mechanisms

From Sectoral to Integrated Coastal Management: A Case In Xiamen, China

<p>Xiamen has been selected as a demonstration site for the GEF/UNDP/IMO Regional Programme for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas. Its purpose is to test a working model for the application of an integrated coastal management system for mitigating marine pollution, rapid economic development. The paper outlines the success in ICM institutional development at the local level, particularly the establishment of decision-making mechanisms based on consensus building among major stakeholders, and inputs from science and technology.

Coastal Strategy of Danang City

<p>The Coastal Strategy of Danang City provides short- and long-term action programs designed to resolve complex issues that beset the coastal and marine environment and their resources through cross-sectoral cooperation. It specifically directs stakeholders to rationally exploit and use their coastal and marine resources and environment in accordance with common development objectives. The Strategy is integrative, systematic and practical, which ensures that appropriate policy and management interventions prescribed in the document will be carried out.

Management of transboundary water resources: lessons from international cooperation for conflict prevention

<p>Tensions over freshwater resources may become more frequent as pressures on water resources grow due to increased demand and variability of rainfall. Conflicts may take place between or within countries or between competing sectoral users. This paper focuses on institutional approaches for enhancing cooperation between countries for sustainable development of transboundary freshwater bodies and contributing basins.

Adaptation and Learning in Coastal Management: the Experience of Five East African Initiatives

<p>This article explores principles of adaptive, learning-based resource management and their practical application in coastal management projects in East Africa. The principles of feedback and adjustment, experimentation, and carefully guided participatory processes that capture widespread knowledge are used to describe the experience of five projects in Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique. The findings are drawn from a variety of sources, including site visits and interviews.

Guidebook for Policy and Legislative Development on Conservation and Sustainable Use of Freshwater Resources

<p>This Guidebook provides information not only on national legislation, but also on a number of international agreements and conventions that have been produced in recent years. Its scope is not limited to legal issues. It addresses such issues as the precautionary principle, adaptive management, and the importance of data collection and monitoring as instruments for sustainable development.

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