<p>This first issue is devoted to the use of indicators for ICAM, and is a direct result of the IOC-DFO-NOAA-CSMP International Workshop on the same topic, organised in May 2002, in Ottawa.
Integrated Coastal Management Application
<p>This study traces the impact of biophysical studies on the sustainability of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) processes with emphasis on programs that have aimed to develop and implement a coastal resource management plan at the municipal level. It documents the availability of data sets, extent of use of the biophysical studies, the prevailing methods in gathering biophysical data, and the institutional capacity in the conduct of the studies.
<p>Integrated coastal management (ICM) in the Philippines has evolved as a result of initiatives that established community-based marine protected areas (MPAs) since the 1970s.
<p>The paper examines factors influencing the sustainabilityof integrated coastal management (ICM) projects in the Philippines and Indonesia. Measures of project sustainability are developed and primary data collected at the village level are analyzed to determine the effects of project activities and individual characteristics on ICM sustainability. The findings indicate that perceptions of benefits as well as initial benefits influence early involvement and participation in the ICM projects evaluated in the Philippines and Indonesia.
<p>Located on the northeast Brazilian coast, Olinda is one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, which is economically dependent on tourism, commerce, industry, and the informal economy. Despite its environmental and socioeconomic importance, the city of Olinda (understanding the coast as part of it) has suffered several environmental and human disturbances over the last decades.
<p>There is a wave of interest in Marine Protected Areas (MPA) and Integrated Management (IM) as tools for addressing declines in marine environments through ecosystem-based management. Lessons learned from seven MPA and two IM initiatives in Canada show how engaging stakeholders results in: building and maintaining momentum through social capital; using the collective knowledge of stakeholders; consensus through formal and informal rules; and developing leadership capacity.
<p>If managed in isolation, coastal and marine protected areas (MPAs) are vulnerable to natural resource development and exploitation occurring outside these areas—in particular, overfishing, alteration and destruction of habitats, and water pollution. Thus, protection of coastal and marine areas—of species, habitats, landscapes, and seascapes—should be integrated into spatial development strategies for larger areas, under the umbrella of integrated coastal and ocean management (ICM).
<p>The law of Indonesia on coastal zone and small islands management (CSIM), enacted in 2007.</p>
<p>The primary role of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management model was to arbitrate conflicts between stakeholders in a living and natural resource environment characterized by a common property and open access doctrine. A chronology of events describes how the development and acceptance of an ecosystems approach policy began to converge and coincide with the spread and development of Integrated Coastal Zone Management.
<p>Nearly 40 years on since its first tentative steps in North America, this article considers whether Integrated Zone Coastal Management (ICZM) in Europe has grown to maturity as a form of governance. The article summarizes the findings of recent research concerning the levels of implementation of coastal management in Europe, with particular reference to the UK experience. A research framework is used to identify the different motivations behind the social actor groups involved in coastal management.