This document is composed of two companion papers, the Framework for National Legislation on Marine Pollution Prevention and Management for East Asian Countries and Guidelines for National Marine Pollution Legislation for East Asian Countries. The Framework provides the features and obligations of international instruments, while the Guidelines provide the structure for and approach to national legislation.
Legislation and Regulations
<p>The law of Vietnam on fisheries.</p>
<p>The law of Lao PDR on lands which was amended in 2003.</p>
<p>The law of Japan for enhancing motivation on environmental conservation and promoting of environmental education.</p>
<p>The law of DPR Korea on rivers and streams.</p>
<p>Protected Landscapes (IUCN Protected Area Category V) are lived-in working landscapes. In the past, there has been a tendency to see them as a rather Eurocentric approach to protected areas but increasingly the category is being designated in other parts of the world, including in a number of developing countries. The Guidelines include sections on the background and on the planning of such areas, and chapters on the principles, policies, process and the means for their management.
<p>This Guidebook provides information not only on national legislation, but also on a number of international agreements and conventions that have been produced in recent years. Its scope is not limited to legal issues. It addresses such issues as the precautionary principle, adaptive management, and the importance of data collection and monitoring as instruments for sustainable development.
<p>The law of Indonesia on local government, enacted in 2004.</p>
<p>The law of Japan on spatial planning which incorporated EEZ as a management area.</p>