Policies, Strategies and Plans

Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis for the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem (2020)

Oceans and seas contribute approximately $3-6 trillion annually to the global economy in terms of the market value of goods and services including fisheries, energy, shipping, tourism, recreational, and mining sectors, as well as non-market ecosystem services such as climate regulation, nutrient cycling and carbon sequestration.

Training Module for Marine Microplastics Monitoring

As early as in 2005, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with financial support from the Global Environment Facility (the GEF) implemented a regional international waters project entitled Reducing Environmental Stress in the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem (YSLME). Five Regional Working Groups consisting of Chinese and Korean experts conducted transboundary diagnostic analysis (TDA) of state of pollution, biodiversity and ecosystems, fisheries, socioeconomics and governance of the YSLME.

Training Module for Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture in PR China

FAO estimates that 79 percent of fisheries are either fully exploited, overexploited or depleted, with only a small number having the chance to recover from depletion. Global marine capture fishery production has declined by 1.6 per cent from 2006 to 2011. During the same period, marine aquaculture production increased by 20.6 per cent. Overfishing and depletion of wild fishery stocks and increasing global demand for seafood from aquaculture determines that the role of mariculture in seafood supply will be critical in the years to come.

Designing A Network of Marine Protected Areas for the Yellow Sea Based on Principles of Biophysical Connectivity : MPA Network Development Training Toolkit

UNDP/GEF has provided assistance to countries bordering the Yellow Sea in support of their efforts to address among others the increasing trends of depleting fishery stocks, loss of coastal wetland, land and sea-based pollution and implementation of the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem Strategic Action Programme (YSLME SAP) adopted by China and RO Korea.

Ocean Yearbook 34

The recent publication "Local Contributions to Global Sustainable Development Agenda: Case Studies in Integrated Coastal Management in the East Asian Seas Region" is a milestone in dedicated regional efforts to developing, testing, and implementing integrated coastal management (ICM) in several countries of the East Asian Seas region (hereafter the EAS region).

The BlueHealth Toolbox: Guidance for urban planners and designers

The BlueHealth Toolbox is for planners, designers and other decision-makers responsible for blue spaces. The tools provide the means to make comparable assessments of urban blue spaces before and after any proposed changes. Such changes can include a wide range of interventions, from physical alterations to the environment to advertising campaigns that influence how people interact with it. The tools provide evidence about the quality of blue environments, as well as information about how people and communities use, perceive and interact with blue spaces.

Summary for Decision-Makers: Critical Habitats and Biodiversity: Inventory, Thresholds and Governance

This paper examines the distribution of species and critical marine habitats across the world’s oceans; analyzes trends in drivers, pressures, impacts and response; and establishes thresholds for protecting biodiversity hotspots, and indicators to monitor change.

From this scientific base, it assesses the current legal framework and available tools for biodiversity protection, current gaps in ocean governance and management and the implications for achieving a sustainable ocean economy tailored to individual coastal states grouped by social indicators.

Critical Habitats and Biodiversity: Inventory, Thresholds and Governance

This paper examines the distribution of species and critical marine habitats across the world’s oceans; analyzes trends in drivers, pressures, impacts and response; and establishes thresholds for protecting biodiversity hotspots, and indicators to monitor change.

From this scientific base, it assesses the current legal framework and available tools for biodiversity protection, current gaps in ocean governance and management and the implications for achieving a sustainable ocean economy tailored to individual coastal states grouped by social indicators.

Summary for Decision-Makers: Integrated Ocean Management

This paper makes the case for integrated ecosystem-based management which combines value creation and the safeguarding of ecosystem health.

By learning from previous successes and failures, the paper identifies existing impediments in policy and practice and lays out a set of steps and guiding principles towards successfully integrated ocean management.

Finally, it assesses current opportunities to accelerate progress and the impact of these opportunities on jobs and equity.

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