Waste Management

Susceptibility of Sardinella lemuru to emerging marine microplastic pollution

Marine microplastics are emerging pollutants that impact across levels of marine food chain at a global scale. Its presence was determined on Sardinella lemuru, a commercial pelagic fish that are harvested generally in the Northern Mindanao, consumed locally, and exported worldwide as bottled or canned sardine products. The stomach contents of 600 sardines were examined visually under a microscope, stained with Rose Bengal, and tested with hot needle technique to identify ingested microplastics.

Review of plastic footprint methodologies: laying the foundation for the development of a standardised plastic footprint measurement tool

Of the 8,300 million tonnes of plastic produced from 1950 to 2015, only 7% has been recycled while more than half has been discarded in landfill or leaked into the environment. Companies, organisations, and governments are taking measures to tackle plastic pollution. However, there is currently no standard methodology to measure the extent of the plastic problem. This report provides a review of existing and emerging methodologies to identify the abundance, distribution, types, sources, pathways and sinks of plastic pollution at different scales.

Toward a comprehensive watershed management strategy for Manila Bay : The international experience and lessons learned

Cy Jones of the World Resources Institute (WRI) developed a set of preliminary recommendations for strategies and tools for use in the restoration of Manila Bay. This report presents a brief introduction to Manila Bay issues and the application of lessons learned from other international experience.

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