|Pilot site/s: Saensuk Municipality
End-of-Project Targets: Coastal erosion management plan and local oil spill contingency plan developed, adopted and initiated |
|Profiles of highly vulnerable coastal communities/ areas||
X||Saensuk Municipality is one of the popular beach destinations for local and international tourists in Chonburi Province. The municipality is facing serious threats from 1) coastal erosion arising from a combination of coastal developments in adjacent areas and climatic changes that affect natural coastal processes; 2) oil spills due to proximity to international port, oil refineries and industrial estates; 3) coastal pollution from local and transboundary sources; 4) harmful algal blooms (HABs), which have occurred at mid-year almost annually affecting revenues from coastal tourism and fisheries; and 5) habitat degradation.
A study on the coastal erosion problem and options for addressing this was conducted in 2016-2017, including stakeholder consultations (supported by DMCR and local government)
Available information on risk assessments from oil spills including environmental sensitivity index maps prepared in 2015 identified priority areas for protection.
More detailed, comprehensive and updated assessment of risks and vulnerabilities within the municipality will be done as part of the project baseline assessment (on 2nd quarter of 2018), including an emerging issue on Harmful Algal Blooms |
action plan for CCA/DRRM focused ICM pilot demonstration project for highly vulnerable coastal area/community||
||A local oil spill contingency plan (OSCP) was prepared with the support of Thailand’s Marine Department and other concerned agencies and adopted on July 2015.
A coastal erosion management plan has yet to be prepared pending further advice from the national committee on coastal erosion management.
Results from the risk/vulnerability assessment, priority actions in the OSCP and coastal erosion management plan, and results of studies on HABs will be considered in developing a DRRM/CCA plan for Saensuk (updating existing DRRM plan) |
|CCA/DRRM Plans, early
warning systems and institutional mechanisms||
X||X||The local OSCP defined the mechanisms and organizational structure for clean-up plan following an oil spill event (in support of the national OSCP, and to operationalize the provincial OSCP). Trainings were conducted on the application of the local OSCP for response teams from the central, provincial and municipal governments, communities and local traders, university and the private sector. Partnerships with research institutions including Burapha University (BUU) were also developed for monitoring of seafood and water quality following occurrence of oil spills. Based on their experience from a previous oil spill, the notification process/ emergency warning system for the OSCP implementation still needs to be improved.
Institutional mechanisms and early warning systems to be developed/updated based on the DRRM/CCA plan for Saensuk |
|Trainings on vulnerability
assessment, mapping, etc.||X||Preparation of the OSCP used available information on risk assessment for oil spills in the area.
A training on risk/vulnerability assessment/mapping will be conducted as part of the SDS-SEA/ICM project. |
|Policy/financial commitment in support of action plan||X||The budget is set in the budget system of the local government. |
awareness, reduced risk,
improved resiliency)||X||In terms of mitigating the difficulties and risks to people's income and likelihood.
E.g., An oil spill in September 2016 covered about 2.5 kilometers of Bangsaen Beach in Saensuk. Local response teams were immediately mobilized to deploy materials to absorb the oil slicks before they reached the shoreline, while other workers cleaned oil-stained areas in the beach. The cleanup operation was completed immediately and the beach was opened to tourists on the following day. |
|Case studies, good practices, climate smart policies and legislation||X||To be prepared later. |
|Investments in climate
change adaptation measures (including hard and soft engineering solutions)||X||The local government has allocated funds for addressing oil spills, HAB, coastal erosion and other hazards, and improving existing waste management systems/landfill. While waiting for direction from the National Committee on Coastal Erosion Management, soft engineering measures including mangrove rehabilitation, beach restoration and deployment of artificial reefs were done. Stones were also piled to protect some critical areas. No major hard engineering solutions to address coastal erosion have been made pending recommendations from the Committee |
|Percentage of households in highly vulnerable coastal areas relocated away from hazard zones (Project target: 5%)||X||To be assessed later. |
|Percentage of households in highly
vulnerable coastal areas
provided with evacuation routes and safe refuge locations
(Project target: 100%)||X||To be assessed later. |