|Profiles of highly vulnerable coastal communities||X||Kep province is highly vulnerable to climate change, especially in Angkoul commune. Storms are predominant concerns, while floods, saline intrusion (as influenced by sea level rise) and coastline erosion are as additional concerns. The highest vulnerabilities relate to agriculture (rice fields and salt farms). The vulnerability affects social welfare (and public health), economic growth (and livelihoods), and unique habitats and ecosystems. Cultivated land is known to be vulnerable to saline intrusion in low land areas. The production of rice and crops is reduced due to poor soil quality and salinity. Storm surge causes disturbance to daily living and destruct agriculture production. Salt farming will retreat to inland in response to SLR. (Vulnerability assessment of Kep Province)
Baseline assessment of the extent of saltwater intrusion in Angkoul Commune was conducted on November 21-25, 2017. |
|Proposal/management action plan for CCA/DRRM-focused ICM pilot demonstration project for highly vulnerable coastal area/community||X||• Addressing the problem of saltwater intrusion in Angkoul Commune, Danmark Chang-aeur, Kep Province is one of the priorities of the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia / Integrated Coastal Management (SDSSEA/ICM) Scaling Up Project. About a hundred hectares of rice fields, occupied by approximately 200 farming families, was reported to have been affected by saltwater intrusion. An initial assessment on this problem was conducted from 21-25 November 2017. The activity was assisted by representatives from the ICM-PMO and ICM-TWG and relevant provincial departments, MOE, RUPP and PEMSEA.
• The Ministry of Environment's Coastal Coordination Unit (CCU) with the support of UNEP conducted the vulnerability assessment of Kep Province in 2015 covering households, agriculture, livelihoods, infrastructure and ecosystems. |
|CCA/DRRM Plans, early warning systems and institutional mechanisms||X||Available plans include Commune and Provincial Development Plans covering all aspects.
Coastal Development and Management Committee in the province have been established and meets as needed.
Source: Scoping Report |
|Trainings on vulnerability assessment, mapping etc.||X||• National training on SOC, Baseline/Risk/Vulnerability Assessment was conducted on April 2016 in Kampot Province and participated by PMO and members of ICM-TWG of Kep Province. (Training Report on SOC/Baseline/Risk/Vulnerability Assessment)
• Vulnerability Assessment for Kep Province was completed by MOE’s Coastal Coordination Unit with the support of UNEP (Vulnerability Assessment of Kep Province) |
|Policy/financial commitment in support of action plan||X||No information available. |
|Impacts/benefits derived (socio-economic, public awareness, reduced risk, improved resiliency)||X||No information available. |
|Case studies, good practices, climate smart policies and legislation||X||No information available. |
|Investments in climate change adaptation measures (including hard and soft engineering solutions)||X||In Kep Province, two dikes have been constructed in Angkoul Commune to address salinization. Based on interviews with the community informants, the first dike was completed in 2006. A second dike, located east of the first dike, was completed in 2016. According to Mr. Thoeug Borin, the director of the Department of Agriculture, plans for constructing a third dike began ten years ago but has not been constructed to date. The proposed dike is approximately 400 m long. (Assessment of saltwater intrusion in Kep Province) |
|Percentage of households in highly vulnerable coastal areas relocated away from hazard zones (Project target: 5%)||X||Agricultural areas/rice fields that are less productive due to influence of salinization or saltwater intrusion is estimated to be around 70-100 hectares and affecting 200 families (Scoping report) |
|Percentage of households in highly vulnerable coastal areas provided with evacuation routes and safe refuge locations
(Project target: 100%)
||X||No information available. |