|Pilot site: Suco Maabat
- Sustainable fisheries management plan developed, adopted and initiated
- At least 10% of fisher /agricultural households in priority sites benefiting from sustainable alternative livelihood programs
- At least 25% increase in household income in fishers’ households sustaining functional alternative livelihood programs |
|Scoping (including areal extent of threatened fishing grounds covered by ICM/EAFM management plans)||X||Manatuto has around 364 fishermen, using different equipment for fishing, while, in Maabat Village itself, total fishermen is around 15.
No data available on areal extent of threatened fishing ground. |
|Baseline conditions for CPUE for important fish species (threats, risks, or vulnerability assessments of fishing ground; governance and socio-economic conditions)||X||Data on Fisheries in Manatuto is covered in the Timor Leste Baseline Assessment Report (Fish capture by species (2015)), as seen in the table on fish species most dominantly captured during 2015 is in Annex 3. |
|EAFM or similar management plan||X||The implementation of programs for fisheries in Manatuto now is under local government. The central government just handed-over power to
local authority as part of decentralization system.
However, local government is still adopting national plans and strategies at the local level. The strategic plans are set out below.
1. Timor-Leste National Aquaculture Development Strategy 2012-2030
2. Timor-Leste National Aquaculture Development Strategy Implementation Plan (2014-2018)
3. Decree laws and Ministerial diploma on marine and coastal resources
4. Programs, project on food security including fisheries and livelihood
5. Sustainable Development Agenda 2030
A proposal/plan for improving fisheries management in Maabat village/Manatuto will be developed as part of the ICM program. |
|Evidence of measured increase in CPUE of 10% over baseline condition for important fish species using ICM/EAFM approach||X|| |
|Socio-economic and ecological impacts and benefits derived from ICM/EAFM implementation (DSS models e.g., FISH DA, TURF)||X|| |
|Socio-economic assessment of fishing households||X||The fishermen in Maabat village are not full-time fishermen, as most people engage in agriculture and livestock as well.
The fishermen go out to fish on an average of four times a week, generating a relatively low fish production at 2-7 kg per trip. They sell the 2-5 kg while the remaining is used for domestic consumption. Annex 3 shows the equipment used for fishing in Maabat village.
The consumers come directly to the beach to buy the fish; the fishermen prefer to sell their products on the beach than bring to fish landing center that was prepared by local government. The main reason being that the landing center does not have water and electricity and is too far away from the buyers. As discussed and agreed among local leaders, communities and local government during the data validation, the local government will allocate some budgets to provide water and improve access and support the operations of the fish landing center.
Agriculture activities in Maabat is mostly rice farming, generating approximately 100 to 500 kg per household each harvest.
Livestock rearing (chicken, goat, pigs, buffalos) is common in most households, with around 5-10 heads of livestock per household.
Household income per day is less than $2.00, with average income of $3,271/year (maximum -$5,566; minimum - $1,662).
Households depend heavily on natural resources for their livelihood. It is difficult to diversify their economy optimally due to lack of skills and opportunities.
All households in Maabat have access to electricity, tap water and sanitation facilities. Only 5 households in Maabat are using ground water. 90% of people in Manatuto have attended primary to Sensio high school. There is concrete/asphalt road access to Maabat village. There are also health facilities/centers. However, waterways/canals need to be improved to avoid flooding during rainy season. |
|Livelihood development and implementation opportunities||X||Aquaculture development is promising both marine and brackish-water aquaculture. In Manatuto Municipality the potential aquaculture is sea cucumber, seaweeds and milkfish.
During the site visit to Maabat in November 2017, the following potential projects were identified to address livelihood development in the site:
- Improvement of the fish landing center which was relocated from the commercial center of the suco to an area near Lamsana LMMA. The previous location was marked by strong waves thus a sea wall was constructed and other concrete barriers were installed in the beach, leaving the fishermen with no area to park their boats. The new location near the Lamsana LMMA is far from the commercial center, and also has limited protection for the boats, rendering it unused.
- Revive the milkfish cultivation efforts by reestablishing the leading group |
|Market assessment/sustainability analysis of alternative livelihoods||X|| |
|Pilot project proposal/action plan for livelihood development||X||To be developed as part of the ICM program.
From the baseline assessment, institutional strengthening and technology transfer/capacity building to improve income generation from agriculture, livestock, fisheries and fish farming is important, including provision of equipment and training on their appropriate use. |
|Evidence of improvements in socio-economic conditions in fisher households||X|| |
|Case studies and policy briefs for scaling up and replication||X|| |