Community-Based Coastal Resources Management in Indonesia: Examples and Initial Lessons from North Sulawesi

Brian R. Crawford et. al.
Type of Resource: 
Best Practice / Lessons Learned

Proyek Pesisir (Coastal Resources Management Project – Indonesia), a cooperative initiative of the government of Indonesia and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), has been working for 18 months in the province of North Sulawesi to establish effective models of participatory and community-based coastal resources management. Many of the issues in the province, and models being established through this project, pertain to the management of coral reefs which remain in good to excellent condition, although threatened from destructive and unsustainable use practices. Models, or examples of best practices being developed include: the formulation and implementation of village-based integrated coastal management plans, community-based marine sanctuaries, village ordinances, and participatory early actions. This paper describes the experiences and lessons learned by Proyek Pesisir in establishing community-based marine sanctuaries at one field site within the Minahasa Regency. It is argued that community-based and decentralized coral reef and coastal management initiatives can be established within the current institutional framework given the new openness within government and demands by the public for governance reforms.