In 2003, a group of young coral miners, with increasing awareness of conservation from environmental campaigns in Bali, organized themselves into the Coastal Fishers Group of Karya Segara, which had the conviction to protect the coral reefs and environment in Serangan Island, but did not have enough knowledge, capacity, and facilities to effect change.
Several government agencies and economic sectors (i.e., industrial, agricultural, tourist, domestic) have been involved in the development and management of water resources in the Houay Champi sub-basin, with each having a separate and distinct development plan and management mechanism. The mechanism to harmonize development across the sectors in the sub-basin area was weak, resulting in conflicting plans and uses among the different sectors.
As immediate users of coastal areas, civil society groups have a crucial contribution to the development and implementation of ICM programs. Being users, they tend to have a deeper affinity to what is being managed. This leads to better and broader understanding of issues at stake and greater commitment to take action because of an inherent sense of ownership of place. Most often, environmental degradation is readily recognized by civil society groups because it comes along with a marked decline in livelihood.
While environmental profiles and reports were being prepared at local and national levels and covered specific sector/s, there was no integrated monitoring, evaluation, and reporting tool that was specifically intended for local governments implementing ICM programs.
The long-term protection and management of coastal and marine resources entails good governance and on-the-ground interventions. In Batangas Province, the implementation of marine protected areas (MPAs) and MPA networks within the framework of an integrated coastal management (ICM) program have provided benefits in food security and sustainable livelihoods, and engaged stakeholders in various sectors and at varying scales to integrate and complement each other’s efforts.
The GDP growth rate of Da Nang for the period 2002-2012 was 12.53%, making it one of the fastest growing cities in Viet Nam. Urbanization and industrialization over the past decade have decreased the land use area for forestry and agriculture. Natural disasters that struck Da Nang in the past have also caused destruction and uprooting of trees and vegetation, and aggravated soil erosion.
Port authorities and operators face a number of challenges with respect to their role and impact in sustainable development of coastal areas. The development and adoption of international safety, environment and security standards by global bodies have emphasized that an effective management system must not only encompass operational activities, but also build quality, safety, health and environmental objectives and procedures into each process. It is with this challenge and opportunity that the Port Authority of Thailand decided to implement the PSHEMS in Bangkok Port and Laem Chabang...
The heavy use of the Yeh Gangga Beach both as a place of worship, especially during the melasti ceremony, as a tourist destination attracting believers and tourists in their huge numbers, and as a fishing center of the Tabanan Regency brought about conflicts among its users.
Mobilizing the public to take specific action for the environment is not so much about lecturing the public, as it is about empowering them with ample knowledge for them to make their own decisions.
Fishing is a main source of income in Stung Hav District with about 75-80 percent of the population occupied as artisanal fishers or about 9,500 individuals. Most of the fishers in Stung Hav share the belief that when there is increased competition and less catch, bigger boats and more efficient fishing gears are required to harvest more fish. Some fishers are prompted to borrow money from the local bank or private money lenders and others sell their properties to “modernize” their fishing gear. Lack of fish begets stronger resolve to get more fish.