This guide presents a suite of ocean-based mitigation and adaptation options for governments to consider in developing new or updated NDCs. The options identified in this guide do not prescribe whether or not a country chooses its NDC as the vehicle for its Adaptation Communication, and can have equal relevance for countries as they consider their adaptation priorities and plans through other national and local adaptation planning processes such as National Adaptation Plans (NAPs).
Climate Change Adaptation and DRRM
<p>This Project demonstrated a process of assessing contemporary and future hazards and risks on the coast. The hazard and risk assessment was achieved through the production of a series of maps at a regional scale. These maps provided an understanding of the pattern and scale of future coastal change and assisted the responsible authorities and decision-makers in targeting resources effectively. The aim was for these maps to be incorporated into the local policy framework to inform decision-makers and the planning process, thereby contributing to sustainable development.
<p>Extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and severe coastal storms, occur frequently in predictable locations. These extreme events become disasters only when they intersect with concentrations of human population and development. State governments whose coastlines are vulnerable to hurricanes and coastal storms can create programs to reduce the exposure of people and property to such hazards.
<p>Managed realignment – the deliberate process of realigning river, estuary or coastal defences – is increasingly seen as a key element to sustainable long term flood and coastal management in the UK and other parts of the world, given current trends of sea level rise, and increasing costs of flood and coastal defence. This paper presents results of an extensive consultation of key stakeholders in England and Wales on what they consider to be the main drivers of and obstacles to managed realignment.
<p>The law of Thailand on disaster prevention and mitigation</p>
<p>The law of Indonesia on disaster management, enacted in 2007.</p>
<p>The overall objective of these Guidelines is to evolve a systematically designed common approach to restore, rehabilitate and/or recreate a vegetational barrier/buffer (Greenbelt) that may be resilient and stable enough to prevent or mitigate the devastating effects of natural disasters such as cyclones, storm surges and tsunamis.
<p>Coastal areas are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and sea-level rise. These impacts will exacerbate the risks posed by the continuing environmental degradation confronting the coastal communities. Adopting a participatory research approach, the study examines the vulnerability of socioeconomic groups among the coastal population in Cavite City, Philippines, their current adaptation strategies and their adaptive capacity to cope with the impacts of climate variability and extremes and sea-level rise.